From 507656213e1f761e15fcae934b8ae2e42b73c258 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001 From: drepper Date: Fri, 16 Mar 2001 21:45:21 +0000 Subject: [PATCH] erf and erfl implementation for 96 bit IEEE754. --- sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-96/s_erfl.c | 445 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 1 file changed, 445 insertions(+) create mode 100644 sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-96/s_erfl.c diff --git a/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-96/s_erfl.c b/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-96/s_erfl.c new file mode 100644 index 0000000000..69c0eb805c --- /dev/null +++ b/sysdeps/ieee754/ldbl-96/s_erfl.c @@ -0,0 +1,445 @@ +/* + * ==================================================== + * Copyright (C) 1993 by Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved. + * + * Developed at SunPro, a Sun Microsystems, Inc. business. + * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this + * software is freely granted, provided that this notice + * is preserved. + * ==================================================== + */ + +/* Long double expansions contributed by + Stephen L. Moshier */ + +/* double erf(double x) + * double erfc(double x) + * x + * 2 |\ + * erf(x) = --------- | exp(-t*t)dt + * sqrt(pi) \| + * 0 + * + * erfc(x) = 1-erf(x) + * Note that + * erf(-x) = -erf(x) + * erfc(-x) = 2 - erfc(x) + * + * Method: + * 1. For |x| in [0, 0.84375] + * erf(x) = x + x*R(x^2) + * erfc(x) = 1 - erf(x) if x in [-.84375,0.25] + * = 0.5 + ((0.5-x)-x*R) if x in [0.25,0.84375] + * Remark. The formula is derived by noting + * erf(x) = (2/sqrt(pi))*(x - x^3/3 + x^5/10 - x^7/42 + ....) + * and that + * 2/sqrt(pi) = 1.128379167095512573896158903121545171688 + * is close to one. The interval is chosen because the fix + * point of erf(x) is near 0.6174 (i.e., erf(x)=x when x is + * near 0.6174), and by some experiment, 0.84375 is chosen to + * guarantee the error is less than one ulp for erf. + * + * 2. For |x| in [0.84375,1.25], let s = |x| - 1, and + * c = 0.84506291151 rounded to single (24 bits) + * erf(x) = sign(x) * (c + P1(s)/Q1(s)) + * erfc(x) = (1-c) - P1(s)/Q1(s) if x > 0 + * 1+(c+P1(s)/Q1(s)) if x < 0 + * Remark: here we use the taylor series expansion at x=1. + * erf(1+s) = erf(1) + s*Poly(s) + * = 0.845.. + P1(s)/Q1(s) + * Note that |P1/Q1|< 0.078 for x in [0.84375,1.25] + * + * 3. For x in [1.25,1/0.35(~2.857143)], + * erfc(x) = (1/x)*exp(-x*x-0.5625+R1(z)/S1(z)) + * z=1/x^2 + * erf(x) = 1 - erfc(x) + * + * 4. For x in [1/0.35,107] + * erfc(x) = (1/x)*exp(-x*x-0.5625+R2/S2) if x > 0 + * = 2.0 - (1/x)*exp(-x*x-0.5625+R2(z)/S2(z)) + * if -6.666 x >= 107 + * erf(x) = sign(x) *(1 - tiny) (raise inexact) + * erfc(x) = tiny*tiny (raise underflow) if x > 0 + * = 2 - tiny if x<0 + * + * 7. Special case: + * erf(0) = 0, erf(inf) = 1, erf(-inf) = -1, + * erfc(0) = 1, erfc(inf) = 0, erfc(-inf) = 2, + * erfc/erf(NaN) is NaN + */ + + +#include "math.h" +#include "math_private.h" + +#ifdef __STDC__ +static const long double +#else +static long double +#endif +tiny = 1e-4931L, + half = 0.5L, + one = 1.0L, + two = 2.0L, + /* c = (float)0.84506291151 */ + erx = 0.845062911510467529296875L, +/* + * Coefficients for approximation to erf on [0,0.84375] + */ + /* 2/sqrt(pi) - 1 */ + efx = 1.2837916709551257389615890312154517168810E-1L, + /* 8 * (2/sqrt(pi) - 1) */ + efx8 = 1.0270333367641005911692712249723613735048E0L, + + pp[6] = { + 1.122751350964552113068262337278335028553E6L, + -2.808533301997696164408397079650699163276E6L, + -3.314325479115357458197119660818768924100E5L, + -6.848684465326256109712135497895525446398E4L, + -2.657817695110739185591505062971929859314E3L, + -1.655310302737837556654146291646499062882E2L, + }, + + qq[6] = { + 8.745588372054466262548908189000448124232E6L, + 3.746038264792471129367533128637019611485E6L, + 7.066358783162407559861156173539693900031E5L, + 7.448928604824620999413120955705448117056E4L, + 4.511583986730994111992253980546131408924E3L, + 1.368902937933296323345610240009071254014E2L, + /* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */ + }, + +/* + * Coefficients for approximation to erf in [0.84375,1.25] + */ +/* erf(x+1) = 0.845062911510467529296875 + pa(x)/qa(x) + -0.15625 <= x <= +.25 + Peak relative error 8.5e-22 */ + + pa[8] = { + -1.076952146179812072156734957705102256059E0L, + 1.884814957770385593365179835059971587220E2L, + -5.339153975012804282890066622962070115606E1L, + 4.435910679869176625928504532109635632618E1L, + 1.683219516032328828278557309642929135179E1L, + -2.360236618396952560064259585299045804293E0L, + 1.852230047861891953244413872297940938041E0L, + 9.394994446747752308256773044667843200719E-2L, + }, + + qa[7] = { + 4.559263722294508998149925774781887811255E2L, + 3.289248982200800575749795055149780689738E2L, + 2.846070965875643009598627918383314457912E2L, + 1.398715859064535039433275722017479994465E2L, + 6.060190733759793706299079050985358190726E1L, + 2.078695677795422351040502569964299664233E1L, + 4.641271134150895940966798357442234498546E0L, + /* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */ + }, + +/* + * Coefficients for approximation to erfc in [1.25,1/0.35] + */ +/* erfc(1/x) = x exp (-1/x^2 - 0.5625 + ra(x^2)/sa(x^2)) + 1/2.85711669921875 < 1/x < 1/1.25 + Peak relative error 3.1e-21 */ + + ra[] = { + 1.363566591833846324191000679620738857234E-1L, + 1.018203167219873573808450274314658434507E1L, + 1.862359362334248675526472871224778045594E2L, + 1.411622588180721285284945138667933330348E3L, + 5.088538459741511988784440103218342840478E3L, + 8.928251553922176506858267311750789273656E3L, + 7.264436000148052545243018622742770549982E3L, + 2.387492459664548651671894725748959751119E3L, + 2.220916652813908085449221282808458466556E2L, + }, + + sa[] = { + -1.382234625202480685182526402169222331847E1L, + -3.315638835627950255832519203687435946482E2L, + -2.949124863912936259747237164260785326692E3L, + -1.246622099070875940506391433635999693661E4L, + -2.673079795851665428695842853070996219632E4L, + -2.880269786660559337358397106518918220991E4L, + -1.450600228493968044773354186390390823713E4L, + -2.874539731125893533960680525192064277816E3L, + -1.402241261419067750237395034116942296027E2L, + /* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */ + }, +/* + * Coefficients for approximation to erfc in [1/.35,107] + */ +/* erfc(1/x) = x exp (-1/x^2 - 0.5625 + rb(x^2)/sb(x^2)) + 1/6.6666259765625 < 1/x < 1/2.85711669921875 + Peak relative error 4.2e-22 */ + rb[] = { + -4.869587348270494309550558460786501252369E-5L, + -4.030199390527997378549161722412466959403E-3L, + -9.434425866377037610206443566288917589122E-2L, + -9.319032754357658601200655161585539404155E-1L, + -4.273788174307459947350256581445442062291E0L, + -8.842289940696150508373541814064198259278E0L, + -7.069215249419887403187988144752613025255E0L, + -1.401228723639514787920274427443330704764E0L, + }, + + sb[] = { + 4.936254964107175160157544545879293019085E-3L, + 1.583457624037795744377163924895349412015E-1L, + 1.850647991850328356622940552450636420484E0L, + 9.927611557279019463768050710008450625415E0L, + 2.531667257649436709617165336779212114570E1L, + 2.869752886406743386458304052862814690045E1L, + 1.182059497870819562441683560749192539345E1L, + /* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */ + }, +/* erfc(1/x) = x exp (-1/x^2 - 0.5625 + rc(x^2)/sc(x^2)) + 1/107 <= 1/x <= 1/6.6666259765625 + Peak relative error 1.1e-21 */ + rc[] = { + -8.299617545269701963973537248996670806850E-5L, + -6.243845685115818513578933902532056244108E-3L, + -1.141667210620380223113693474478394397230E-1L, + -7.521343797212024245375240432734425789409E-1L, + -1.765321928311155824664963633786967602934E0L, + -1.029403473103215800456761180695263439188E0L, + }, + + sc[] = { + 8.413244363014929493035952542677768808601E-3L, + 2.065114333816877479753334599639158060979E-1L, + 1.639064941530797583766364412782135680148E0L, + 4.936788463787115555582319302981666347450E0L, + 5.005177727208955487404729933261347679090E0L, + /* 1.000000000000000000000000000000000000000E0 */ + }; + +#ifdef __STDC__ +long double +__erfl (long double x) +#else +double +__erfl (x) + long double x; +#endif +{ + long double R, S, P, Q, s, y, z, r; + int32_t ix, i; + u_int32_t se, i0, i1; + + GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS (se, i0, i1, x); + ix = se & 0x7fff; + + if (ix >= 0x7fff) + { /* erf(nan)=nan */ + i = ((se & 0xffff) >> 15) << 1; + return (long double) (1 - i) + one / x; /* erf(+-inf)=+-1 */ + } + + ix = (ix << 16) | (i0 >> 16); + if (ix < 0x3ffed800) /* |x|<0.84375 */ + { + if (ix < 0x3fde8000) /* |x|<2**-33 */ + { + if (ix < 0x00080000) + return 0.125 * (8.0 * x + efx8 * x); /*avoid underflow */ + return x + efx * x; + } + z = x * x; + r = pp[0] + z * (pp[1] + + z * (pp[2] + z * (pp[3] + z * (pp[4] + z * pp[5])))); + s = qq[0] + z * (qq[1] + + z * (qq[2] + z * (qq[3] + z * (qq[4] + z * (qq[5] + z))))); + y = r / s; + return x + x * y; + } + if (ix < 0x3fffa000) /* 1.25 */ + { /* 0.84375 <= |x| < 1.25 */ + s = fabsl (x) - one; + P = pa[0] + s * (pa[1] + s * (pa[2] + + s * (pa[3] + s * (pa[4] + s * (pa[5] + s * (pa[6] + s * pa[7])))))); + Q = qa[0] + s * (qa[1] + s * (qa[2] + + s * (qa[3] + s * (qa[4] + s * (qa[5] + s * (qa[6] + s)))))); + if ((se & 0x8000) == 0) + return erx + P / Q; + else + return -erx - P / Q; + } + if (ix >= 0x4001d555) /* 6.6666259765625 */ + { /* inf>|x|>=6.666 */ + if ((se & 0x8000) == 0) + return one - tiny; + else + return tiny - one; + } + x = fabsl (x); + s = one / (x * x); + if (ix < 0x4000b6db) /* 2.85711669921875 */ + { + R = ra[0] + s * (ra[1] + s * (ra[2] + s * (ra[3] + s * (ra[4] + + s * (ra[5] + s * (ra[6] + s * (ra[7] + s * ra[8]))))))); + S = sa[0] + s * (sa[1] + s * (sa[2] + s * (sa[3] + s * (sa[4] + + s * (sa[5] + s * (sa[6] + s * (sa[7] + s * (sa[8] + s)))))))); + } + else + { /* |x| >= 1/0.35 */ + R = rb[0] + s * (rb[1] + s * (rb[2] + s * (rb[3] + s * (rb[4] + + s * (rb[5] + s * (rb[6] + s * rb[7])))))); + S = sb[0] + s * (sb[1] + s * (sb[2] + s * (sb[3] + s * (sb[4] + + s * (sb[5] + s * (sb[6] + s)))))); + } + z = x; + GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS (i, i0, i1, z); + i1 = 0; + SET_LDOUBLE_WORDS (z, i, i0, i1); + r = + __ieee754_expl (-z * z - 0.5625) * __ieee754_expl ((z - x) * (z + x) + + R / S); + if ((se & 0x8000) == 0) + return one - r / x; + else + return r / x - one; +} + +weak_alias (__erfl, erfl) +#ifdef NO_LONG_DOUBLE +strong_alias (__erf, __erfl) +weak_alias (__erf, erfl) +#endif +#ifdef __STDC__ + long double + __erfcl (long double x) +#else + long double + __erfcl (x) + double + x; +#endif +{ + int32_t hx, ix; + long double R, S, P, Q, s, y, z, r; + u_int32_t se, i0, i1; + + GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS (se, i0, i1, x); + ix = se & 0x7fff; + if (ix >= 0x7fff) + { /* erfc(nan)=nan */ + /* erfc(+-inf)=0,2 */ + return (long double) (((se & 0xffff) >> 15) << 1) + one / x; + } + + ix = (ix << 16) | (i0 >> 16); + if (ix < 0x3ffed800) /* |x|<0.84375 */ + { + if (ix < 0x3fbe0000) /* |x|<2**-65 */ + return one - x; + z = x * x; + r = pp[0] + z * (pp[1] + + z * (pp[2] + z * (pp[3] + z * (pp[4] + z * pp[5])))); + s = qq[0] + z * (qq[1] + + z * (qq[2] + z * (qq[3] + z * (qq[4] + z * (qq[5] + z))))); + y = r / s; + if (ix < 0x3ffd8000) /* x<1/4 */ + { + return one - (x + x * y); + } + else + { + r = x * y; + r += (x - half); + return half - r; + } + } + if (ix < 0x3fffa000) /* 1.25 */ + { /* 0.84375 <= |x| < 1.25 */ + s = fabsl (x) - one; + P = pa[0] + s * (pa[1] + s * (pa[2] + + s * (pa[3] + s * (pa[4] + s * (pa[5] + s * (pa[6] + s * pa[7])))))); + Q = qa[0] + s * (qa[1] + s * (qa[2] + + s * (qa[3] + s * (qa[4] + s * (qa[5] + s * (qa[6] + s)))))); + if ((se & 0x8000) == 0) + { + z = one - erx; + return z - P / Q; + } + else + { + z = erx + P / Q; + return one + z; + } + } + if (ix < 0x4005d600) /* 107 */ + { /* |x|<107 */ + x = fabsl (x); + s = one / (x * x); + if (ix < 0x4000b6db) /* 2.85711669921875 */ + { /* |x| < 1/.35 ~ 2.857143 */ + R = ra[0] + s * (ra[1] + s * (ra[2] + s * (ra[3] + s * (ra[4] + + s * (ra[5] + s * (ra[6] + s * (ra[7] + s * ra[8]))))))); + S = sa[0] + s * (sa[1] + s * (sa[2] + s * (sa[3] + s * (sa[4] + + s * (sa[5] + s * (sa[6] + s * (sa[7] + s * (sa[8] + s)))))))); + } + else if (ix < 0x4001d555) /* 6.6666259765625 */ + { /* 6.666 > |x| >= 1/.35 ~ 2.857143 */ + R = rb[0] + s * (rb[1] + s * (rb[2] + s * (rb[3] + s * (rb[4] + + s * (rb[5] + s * (rb[6] + s * rb[7])))))); + S = sb[0] + s * (sb[1] + s * (sb[2] + s * (sb[3] + s * (sb[4] + + s * (sb[5] + s * (sb[6] + s)))))); + } + else + { /* |x| >= 6.666 */ + if (se & 0x8000) + return two - tiny; /* x < -6.666 */ + + R = rc[0] + s * (rc[1] + s * (rc[2] + s * (rc[3] + + s * (rc[4] + s * rc[5])))); + S = sc[0] + s * (sc[1] + s * (sc[2] + s * (sc[3] + + s * (sc[4] + s)))); + } + z = x; + GET_LDOUBLE_WORDS (hx, i0, i1, z); + i1 = 0; + i0 &= 0xffffff00; + SET_LDOUBLE_WORDS (z, hx, i0, i1); + r = __ieee754_expl (-z * z - 0.5625) * + __ieee754_expl ((z - x) * (z + x) + R / S); + if ((se & 0x8000) == 0) + return r / x; + else + return two - r / x; + } + else + { + if ((se & 0x8000) == 0) + return tiny * tiny; + else + return two - tiny; + } +} + +weak_alias (__erfcl, erfcl) +#ifdef NO_LONG_DOUBLE +strong_alias (__erfc, __erfcl) +weak_alias (__erfc, erfcl) +#endif -- 2.11.0