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Copyright (c) 2005-2008 Junio C. Hamano et al.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License (version 2)
as published by the Free Software Foundation.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
#ifndef STRBUF_H
#define STRBUF_H
* Strbuf's can be use in many ways: as a byte array, or to store arbitrary
* long, overflow safe strings.
* Strbufs has some invariants that are very important to keep in mind:
* 1. the ->buf member is always malloc-ed, hence strbuf's can be used to
* build complex strings/buffers whose final size isn't easily known.
* It is NOT legal to copy the ->buf pointer away.
* `strbuf_detach' is the operation that detachs a buffer from its shell
* while keeping the shell valid wrt its invariants.
* 2. the ->buf member is a byte array that has at least ->len + 1 bytes
* allocated. The extra byte is used to store a '\0', allowing the ->buf
* member to be a valid C-string. Every strbuf function ensure this
* invariant is preserved.
* Note that it is OK to "play" with the buffer directly if you work it
* that way:
* strbuf_grow(sb, SOME_SIZE);
* ... Here, the memory array starting at sb->buf, and of length
* ... strbuf_avail(sb) is all yours, and you are sure that
* ... strbuf_avail(sb) is at least SOME_SIZE.
* strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len + SOME_OTHER_SIZE);
* Of course, SOME_OTHER_SIZE must be smaller or equal to strbuf_avail(sb).
* Doing so is safe, though if it has to be done in many places, adding the
* missing API to the strbuf module is the way to go.
* XXX: do _not_ assume that the area that is yours is of size ->alloc - 1
* even if it's true in the current implementation. Alloc is somehow a
* "private" member that should not be messed with.
#include <assert.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
extern char strbuf_slopbuf[];
struct strbuf {
size_t alloc;
size_t len;
char *buf;
#define STRBUF_INIT { 0, 0, strbuf_slopbuf }
/*----- strbuf life cycle -----*/
extern void strbuf_init(struct strbuf *, size_t);
extern void strbuf_release(struct strbuf *);
extern char *strbuf_detach(struct strbuf *, size_t *);
extern void strbuf_attach(struct strbuf *, void *, size_t, size_t);
static inline void strbuf_swap(struct strbuf *a, struct strbuf *b) {
struct strbuf tmp = *a;
*a = *b;
*b = tmp;
/*----- strbuf size related -----*/
static inline size_t strbuf_avail(const struct strbuf *sb) {
return sb->alloc ? sb->alloc - sb->len - 1 : 0;
extern void strbuf_grow(struct strbuf *, size_t);
static inline void strbuf_setlen(struct strbuf *sb, size_t len) {
if (!sb->alloc)
strbuf_grow(sb, 0);
assert(len < sb->alloc);
sb->len = len;
sb->buf[len] = '\0';
#define strbuf_reset(sb) strbuf_setlen(sb, 0)
/*----- content related -----*/
extern void strbuf_trim(struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_rtrim(struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_ltrim(struct strbuf *);
extern int strbuf_cmp(const struct strbuf *, const struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_tolower(struct strbuf *);
extern struct strbuf **strbuf_split(const struct strbuf *, int delim);
extern struct strbuf **strbuf_splitws(const struct strbuf *);
extern void strbuf_list_free(struct strbuf **);
extern size_t strbuf_list_len(struct strbuf **);
/*----- add data in your buffer -----*/
static inline void strbuf_addch(struct strbuf *sb, int c) {
strbuf_grow(sb, 1);
sb->buf[sb->len++] = c;
sb->buf[sb->len] = '\0';
extern void strbuf_insert(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, const void *, size_t);
extern void strbuf_remove(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, size_t len);
/* splice pos..pos+len with given data */
extern void strbuf_splice(struct strbuf *, size_t pos, size_t len,
const void *, size_t);
extern void strbuf_add(struct strbuf *, const void *, size_t);
static inline void strbuf_addstr(struct strbuf *sb, const char *s) {
strbuf_add(sb, s, strlen(s));
static inline void strbuf_addbuf(struct strbuf *sb, const struct strbuf *sb2) {
strbuf_add(sb, sb2->buf, sb2->len);
extern void strbuf_adddup(struct strbuf *sb, size_t pos, size_t len);
typedef size_t (*expand_fn_t) (struct strbuf *sb, const char *placeholder, void *context);
extern void strbuf_expand(struct strbuf *sb, const char *format, expand_fn_t fn, void *context);
struct strbuf_expand_dict_entry {
const char *placeholder;
const char *value;
extern size_t strbuf_expand_dict_cb(struct strbuf *sb, const char *placeholder, void *context);
extern void strbuf_addf(struct strbuf *sb, const char *fmt, ...);
extern void strbuf_vaddf(struct strbuf *sb, const char *fmt, va_list ap);
extern size_t strbuf_fread(struct strbuf *, size_t, FILE *);
/* XXX: if read fails, any partial read is undone */
extern ssize_t strbuf_read(struct strbuf *, int fd, size_t hint);
extern ssize_t strbuf_write(struct strbuf *sb, int fd);
extern int strbuf_read_file(struct strbuf *sb, const char *path, size_t hint);
extern int strbuf_getline(struct strbuf *, FILE *, int);
extern void stripspace(struct strbuf *buf, int skip_comments);
extern int launch_editor(const char *path, struct strbuf *buffer, const char *const *env);
#endif /* STRBUF_H */