Python CSC Electronic Office
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Max Erenberg dd59bea918 add Kerberos delegation 2 years ago
ceo add base classes for users and groups 2 years ago
ceo_common add Kerberos delegation 2 years ago
ceod add Kerberos delegation 2 years ago
tests add Kerberos delegation 2 years ago
.gitignore add Kerberos delegation 2 years ago add Kerberos delegation 2 years ago move all tests to top-level folder 2 years ago
dev-requirements.txt move all tests to top-level folder 2 years ago add Kerberos delegation 2 years ago
requirements.txt use ldap3 instead of python-ldap 2 years ago
setup.cfg add tests for Group class 2 years ago


work in progress


First, make sure that you have installed the syscom dev environment. This will setup all of the services needed for ceo to work. You should clone this repo in one of the dev environment containers.

Next, install and activate a virtualenv:

sudo apt install libkrb5-dev python3-dev
python3 -m venv venv
. venv/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt
pip install -r dev-requirements.txt

C bindings

Due to the lack of a decent Python library for Kerberos we ended up writing our own C bindings using cffi. Make sure you compile the bindings:

cd ceo_common/krb5

This should create a file named ''. This will be imported by other modules in ceo.

Running the application

ceod is essentially a distributed application, with instances on different hosts offering different services. For example, the ceod instance on mail offers a service to subscribe people to mailing lists, and the ceod instance on phosphoric-acid offers a service to create new members. Therefore, you will need to run ceod on multiple hosts. Currently, those are phosphoric-acid, mail and caffeine (in the dev environment, caffeine is replaced by coffee).

To run ceod on a single host:

export FLASK_APP=ceod.api
export FLASK_ENV=development
flask run -h -p 9987

Sometimes changes you make in the source code don't show up while Flask is running. Stop the flask app (Ctrl-C), run, then restart the app.

Interacting with the application

The client part of ceo hasn't been written yet, so we'll use curl to interact with ceod for now.

ceod uses SPNEGO for authentication, and TLS for confidentiality and integrity. In development mode, TLS can be disabled.

First, make sure that your version of curl has been compiled with SPNEGO support:

curl -V

Your should see 'SPNEGO' in the 'Features' section.

The API also uses unconstrained Kerberos delegation when interacting with the LDAP database. This means that the client obtains a forwarded TGT, then sends that to ceod, which then uses it to interact with LDAP on the client's behalf. There is a script called which can generate this ticket for you.

Here's an example of making a request to an endpoint which writes to LDAP:

# Get a Kerberos TGT first
# Obtain a forwarded TGT
./ phosphoric-acid
# Make the request
curl --negotiate -u : --service-name ceod \
    -H "X-KRB5-CRED: $(cat cred)" \
    -d '{"uid":"test_1","cn":"Test One","program":"Math","terms":["s2021"]}' \
    -X POST http://phosphoric-acid:9987/api/members